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Atelier LIK | Architectuul


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1957, Belgrade, Serbia

Selected Architecture

Practice / Active in Change this

Narodnog fronta 78
Belgrade, Serbia

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Sofija Nenadović
Vesna Matičević

Article last edited by Bostjan on
April 12th, 2019

Atelier LIK Change this

Change thisBelgrade, Serbia
est. 1957, Belgrade

Part of Atelier LIK Team: From left to right Sofija Nena ...

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Atelier LIK was founded in 1957 by Sofija Nenadović, Dušanka Menegelo Aćimović, Nadežda Filipon Trbojević, Vesna Matičević and Vladislav Ivković, with Nada Bogojević as its first director.

In 1957, the design team consisting of Sofija Nenadović, Dušanka Menegelo Aćimović, Nada Filipon Trbojević, Vesna Matičević and Vlajko Ivković won the first award at the competition for the Terminal building of the new Belgrade Airport. Winning the competition for the airport building in Surčin was an excuse to formalize a collaboration that started several years before, and was preceded by a long lasting acquaintance and friendship. Sofija Nenadović, Vesna Matičević, Nadežda Filipon Trbojević and Dušanka Menegelo Aćimović were the core of this group and their mutual collaboration and friendship resulted in a successful business and numerous projects by Atelier LIK. All four were the same age, born in 1928. Sofija and Nada, two school friends, enrolled in architecture school together in 1946, Dušanka and Vesna enrolled in 1947. After this established team of authors decided to participate in the airport competition, they invited Vlajko Ivković as a friend to work with them.

During airport construction, they were real stars – partially for being young architects, partially for being four women. Newspapers regularly reported on their unusual team. The very existence of Atelier LIK was considered extraordinary. At the time privately owned architecture offices were scarce, so Atelier LIK had the status of an agency. The fact that the young women who led it were not members of the Communist party, but still managed to acquire large commissions and successfully maintain the business until retirement, was considered curious. Shortly after the last one of them retired from the office, it closed in the beginning of the 1990s, proving that it was their creative and life energy that had sustained it for so long.

The Belgrade Airport was open in 1962, and in the same year the authors were awarded the 7th July Award for the project. At the time the airplanes didn’t pollute as much, and watching them land and take off was a favorite pass-time for many citizens of Belgrade, so the airport building was designed to accommodate: it had a central atrium with a tropical garden, a runway restaurant and a public terrace for watching airplanes. Coming to the airport was like having a picnic, schools would bring kids to spend time there.

After the success with the Belgrade airport, Atelier LIK produced competition entries or projects for another 11 airports in Yugoslavia. The team was not always complete, they were working in different combinations: Osijek Airport was designed in 1970 by Sofija Nenadović and Nada Filipon, Podgorica Airport was designed by Vesna Matičević, Dušanka Menegelo and Vlajko Ivković. The competition for Dubrovnik Airport was won by Vlajko Ivković, but it was Sofija Nenadović who developed his design into a construction project. However, in professional circles, it was usually Vladislav Ivković, later a professor at the Faculty of Architecture in Belgrade, who was known as the "airport expert."

During their entire career the women of Atelier LIK successfully participated in architectural competitions. In 1966 Sofija Nenadović, Nada Filipon, Vesna Matičević and Dušanka Menegelo won the second award at the competition for the General hospital in Sremska Mitrovica.

In 1978 Atelier LIK won first award at the competition Slavija I for the architectural and urban design of the block between streets Beogradska, Kralja Milana, Svetozara Markovića and Njegoševa. This complex competition had several phases, and the first one gathered all of the most important offices of the time: Directorate for construction and reconstruction of Belgrade headed by Branislav Jovin, Energoprojekt’s team headed by Milica Šterić, Institute of Architecture and Urbanism of Serbia (IAUS) headed by Uroš Martinović and Zoran Petrović, Projektbiro headed by Mihailo Mitrović, Srbijaprojekt’s team headed by Slobodan Mihailović etc. Four projects passed to the finals of the competition: project by studio Arhitekt, the Directorat for construction and reconstruction of Belgrade, the Institute of Architecture and Urbanism of Serbia and Atelier LIK. In the second stage of the competition the projects were developed, complemented and rationalized, but again no project was awarded, and the projects were ranked. First place was taken by Atelier LIK, and together with the second place project by IAUS, they were invited into the third stage of the competition, and were awarded the first prize. Atelier LIK spent the next 10 years developing the project for construction for this huge mixed use complex of 120.000 m2, whose realization was halted in the 1980s. Still, the jury had evaluated the project as "a contemporary solution that also contributes to the development of the architectural and planning thought."

Atelier LIK continued to design the space of the Slavija square through another three competitions that followed: Competition for the plateau in front of the National bank in 1986, Competition for the Beobanka building on Slavija square in 1989, and Competition for the Dafiment bank building in 1991.

In 1974, after Nada Bogojević retired, Sofija Nenadović became the director of Atelier LIK, and remained at this position until her own retirement in 1987. Nada Filipon and Dušanka Menegelo as well retired form Atelier LIK, while Vesna Matičević transferred first to the Urban Planning Institute, right after finishing the Belgrade airport project, and then to the Heritage Protection Institute. Vlajko Ivković left the atelier to teach at the Architectural Faculty in Belgrade.


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